Caring for the East Credit Countryside

The East Credit River flows through a special place full of vitality and beauty. This picturesque area is home to many natural wonders. Located where the Oak Ridges Moraine meets the Niagara Escarpment, the rolling landscape of the East Credit countryside supports thriving wetlands, a coldwater fishery and productive farm lands.

Although the East Credit’s environmental health is generally good, a recent CVC study suggests that it could be improved by landowners voluntarily taking action to address land and water quality issues on their properties.

Caring for the East Credit Countryside is a program to help landowners care for their land and water. Site visits, workshops and funding is available for local landowners to preserve the health, viability and beauty of the East Credit.

If you are a landowner living in the East Credit or a member of an environmental interest or community group and would like to get involved in Caring for the East Credit Countryside, please contact a CVC Stewardship Coordinator. We would love to hear from you.


The East Credit River is part of the Credit River system which flows for over 90 km from Orangeville to Port Credit. The Credit River Watershed, which encompasses all land drained by the Credit River, occupies about 860 sq. km. The East Credit River is a tributary of the Credit River and is approximately 51 sq. km in area.

The East Credit subwatershed is located in the upper north east portion of the Credit River watershed and is entirely within the Town of Caledon. The landscape is characterized by the intersection of the Niagara Escarpment and the Oak Ridges Moraine. The East Credit River joins the main branch of the Credit River upstream of the Village of Inglewood.


Land Use

The East Credit subwatershed is 51 in area and encompasses primarily rural land, with rural development. There are three distinct physiographic regions: the Escarpment, the Oak Ridges Moraine and South Slope.

The Niagara Escarpment and Oak Ridges Moraine intersect within the subwatershed and both play significant roles with respect to groundwater recharge, movement and discharge. View a map of the East Credit’s Physiographic Regions.

Generally, land use in the subwatershed is dominated by intensive agriculture, consisting of cultivated lands (31 % of the subwatershed), and non-intensive agriculture, consisting of pasture and uncultivated land (24.3 % of the subwatershed). Only 3.8 % of the subwatershed is in rural development.

Existing Land Use Area in Ha Percentage of
Percentage of
Existing Land Use
Inactive aggregate 2.4 0.05% 0.09%
Intensive agriculture 1568.6 31.02% 58.75%
Manicured open space 79.5 1.57% 2.98%
Non-intensive agriculture 649.7 12.85% 24.33%
Rural development 193.3 3.82% 7.24%
Urban and Roads 171.7 3.39% 6.43%
Wet meadow 4.7 0.09% 0.18%
Total 2669.9 52.79% 100.00%

Natural forests or plantations comprise 20.2 % of the subwatershed, and wetland cover comprises about 7.8 % of the subwatershed. The Niagara Escarpment’s extensive natural areas provide refuge for complex plant and animal communities.

Other significant features that characterize the subwatershed are Highway 10, Airport Road, Trans Canada Trail-Caledon Trailway, Devils Pulpit Golf Course, Old Base Line Road, Ken Whillans Resource Management Area and Warwick Conservation Area.

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