Survey of Municipal Policies and Administrative Approaches for Overcoming Institutional Barriers to Low Impact Development


In the summer and fall of 2010, Credit Valley Conservation (CVC) conducted a survey of jurisdictions within the United States that had implemented Low Impact Development (LID) programs for stormwater management. The survey was intended to solicit information on regulatory, installation, inspection, maintenance, and financing issues related to each program. Several jurisdictions were surveyed.

Selection of jurisdictions was base upon factors such as the maturity of the LID program and climatological similarities to the CVC region. Surveyed jurisdictions include:

  • Capital Area Regional Planning Commission, Wisconsin;
  • Capital Region Watershed District, Minnesota;
  • Chicago, Illinois;
  • Grayling, Michigan;
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
  • Portland, Oregon; and
  • Seattle, Washington.

The information gathered is intended to inform CVC municipalities as to the programmatic approaches and solutions that have been used to integrate LID into stormwater management programs. The surveyed jurisdictions have dealt with many of the institutional issues that need to be addressed when altering stormwater management and environmental resource programs. Results of the survey demonstrate the pathways that are available for overcoming institutional barriers to implementing LID on a broader scale.